- Investment

How to Build a Diversified Investment Portfolio in 2024

Diversifying your investment portfolio can reduce risk and potentially boost long-term returns, but its definition will depend on factors like time horizon and risk tolerance.

Diversifying using index funds and ETFs that track asset classes and regions is straightforward. But for greater protection against losses, consider broadening diversification across market capitalization, sector, and geographic region.


Diversifying your investments can help minimize risk and maximize returns. Spreading investments among various companies and sectors will mitigate any downturn in one industry while taking advantage of growth opportunities in another. Mutual funds or exchange-traded funds (ETFs) that track broad market indexes or specific industry sectors may provide this strategy for you.

Bond-focused ETFs or mutual funds can also help diversify your portfolio by adding stability to it and reducing volatility. Be sure to select one offering an array of credit grades, maturities and issuers so as to maximize diversification benefits.

Diversification can be complex and requires consistent discipline. Review your portfolio at least annually and adjust accordingly, working with an advisor who understands your personal goals and investment time horizon to create a personalized portfolio strategy tailored specifically for you.


Investment in multiple asset classes helps mitigate risk and create a more stable portfolio, giving your money the greatest chance to grow.

Stock investments often offer higher returns with larger drawdowns; bond investments provide lower returns but provide a safe haven against market volatility. Working with a CFP professional, you can determine an asset allocation suited to your goals, time horizon and risk tolerance.

Investors can diversify within each asset class by investing in various companies, sectors, geographic regions and vehicles (e.g. individual stocks, mutual funds or ETFs). Diversification can help protect against inflationary rates, political turmoil and regulatory changes by spreading risks across your portfolio’s various components.

Real estate

Asset class diversification is a way of mitigating risk by decreasing correlation among various assets. A classic example is the 60/40 portfolio (60% stocks and 40% bonds), though you should tailor your portfolio according to your own risk tolerance and financial goals. Exchange-traded funds (ETFs) provide an efficient means for investors to access multiple securities simultaneously at low costs while remaining transparent and liquid.

Attract additional diversification by diversifying beyond traditional stocks and bonds into real estate, commodities, or international investments. These assets typically exhibit lower correlation with stock market fluctuations while potentially providing income or capital appreciation. If you want to pursue this route of diversification further, seek the advice of a financial advisor so your portfolio aligns with long-term financial goals; once achieved rebalance your portfolio periodically to maintain target allocation – this helps decrease risk by decreasing exposure to underperforming investments.

International investments

Portfolios comprised of international investments can benefit from lower correlations to global stock markets, as well as any potential growth opportunities outside the U.S.

Diversification should not be treated as a one-off event; rather, it requires ongoing maintenance and monitoring. When investing in specific asset classes or investment types, professional guidance and in-depth research are crucially important.

Investors must carefully consider both risks and opportunities associated with investments in foreign stocks, bonds and real estate as well as currency fluctuations when making such decisions.

Investors can diversify by investing in individual shares from various companies or sectors, as well as through ETFs and mutual funds that invest across asset classes. ETFs and mutual funds often make diversifying easier and cheaper – especially for beginner investors – but even when using funds it remains crucial to select appropriate global investments for a portfolio.

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